夏目漱石汉诗的道家意蕴与“则天去私”思想
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引用本文:李 春 草.夏目漱石汉诗的道家意蕴与“则天去私”思想[J].湖南大学学报社会科学版,2023,(3):88-93
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作者单位
李 春 草 (中山大学 外国语学院广东 广州 510275) 
中文摘要:夏目漱石创作了二百余首汉诗,足显其深厚的汉学功底。其汉诗与言志略异,蕴涵了他的精神世界与人生感悟,尤其“求道”精神和道家思想贯穿始终,凸显漱石汉诗的主题特质,如诗中对理想乡——“白云乡”的描绘,透射出浓郁的道家意蕴。夏目漱石的“道”是扬弃主观执念、顺任道法自然的超然境界。乖离尘俗的“白云乡”是精神自由的澄净,与庄子“乘物以游心”之“逍遥游”同质。由此,他后期提出的“则天去私”的思想正是“悟道”的升华,也是他人生观和文艺观的道家哲思的体现。
中文关键词:夏目漱石    白云乡  道家  则天去私
 
Taoist Implications and taking heaven to private in Natsume Soseki’s Chinese Poems
Abstract:Natsume Soseki wrote more than 200 Chinese poems , which showed his equal Sinology foundation. His Chinese poems are slightly different from his expressions of ambition, which contains his spiritual world and life sentiment, especially the spirit of seeking Tao and Taoism, which highlights the theme characteristics of Soseki’s Chinese poems. For example, the description of Bai Yunxiang , an ideal hometown in the poem, reveals a strong Taoist implication. Soseki’s Tao is a transcendent realm of abandoning subjective obsession and obeying Tao and nature. The Bai Yunxiang , which is different from the earthly customs, is the clarity of spiritual freedom, which is homogeneous with Zhuangzi’s Tao remote travel of taking things to swim the heart . Therefore, the thought of taking heaven to private advanced by him in his later period is the sublimation of enlightenment and the embodiment of Taoist philosophy of his outlook on life, literature and art.
keywords:Natsume Soseki  Tao  Bai Yunxiang  Taoism  taking heaven to private
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