马克思恩格斯技术异化思想及其当代启示
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引用本文:冯庆想.马克思恩格斯技术异化思想及其当代启示[J].湖南大学学报社会科学版,2024,(2):9-15
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作者单位
冯庆想 (中山大学 马克思主义学院广东 广州 510275) 
中文摘要:马克思恩格斯著作蕴含丰富的技术异化思想,深刻揭示了技术异化的内涵、表征、根源和扬弃路径。他们以大工业的机器应用为批判靶点,坚持自然和历史相统一,将技术批判与社会批判有机结合,形成严谨缜密的逻辑理路,展现了对技术批判的彻底性。在当代,马克思恩格斯技术异化思想的世界观和方法论依然适用,我们在充分发挥技术转化生产力的杠杆作用的同时,也要着力纾解技术异化带来的负向效应。通过激发社会主义制度的优势对资本逻辑进行扬弃,基于人与自然和谐共生的理念为人工自然观提供引导,以人的自由全面发展的目标促进技术劳动的解放,从而使得技术文明的进步更好地服务人类共同福祉。
中文关键词:马克思  恩格斯  技术异化  资本  人工自然观
 
Marx and Engels’ Thoughts on Technological Alienation and their Contemporary Enlightenment
Abstract:Marx and Engels’ works are rich in the idea of technological alienation, which profoundly reveals the connotation, representation, root cause and the path of abandonment of technological alienation. They regard the application of machines in large industries as the object of criticism, insist on the unity of nature and history, and organically combine technical criticism with social criticism, forming a rigorous and meticulous logical way, which shows their thoroughness in technical criticism. At present, the world outlook and methodology of Marx and Engels’ thoughts of technological alienation are still applicable . While giving a full play to the leverage of technology to transform productive forces, we should also strive to reduce the negative effects of technological alienation. By stimulating the advantages of the socialist system, we sublate the capital logic, provide guidance for the view of artificial nature based on the concept of harmonious coexistence between man and nature, and promote the liberation of skilled labor with the goal of free and all-round development of man, so that the progress of technological civilization can better serve the common well-being of mankind.
keywords:Marx  Engels  technological alienation  capital  outlook on artificial nature
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