资金流对乡村产业振兴的影响
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引用本文:王修华 , 魏念颖.资金流对乡村产业振兴的影响[J].湖南大学学报社会科学版,2024,(2):49-57
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王修华 , 魏念颖 (湖南大学 金融与统计学院, 湖南 长沙 410079) 
中文摘要:基于2006—2019年全国722个脱贫县和1058个非贫困县的非平衡面板数据,构建乡村产业振兴指数,实证检验了金融资金流动对乡村产业振兴的影响效果及作用机制。研究发现:金融资金流入能显著促进乡村产业振兴,且对脱贫县的促进效果强于非贫困县;金融资金流动主要通过带动“实物流”“技术流”和“人才流”发挥促进作用,实现乡村生产体系、经营体系及产业体系的现代化,进而推动乡村产业振兴;新产业新业态发展的需求端、普惠金融发展的供给端和精准扶贫政策实施的政策端均能对促进作用产生正向效应。
中文关键词:资金流  乡村产业振兴  脱贫县  作用机制
 
How Capital Flow Can Affect the Development of Rural Industry
Abstract:Using the unbalanced panel data of 722 counties lifted out of poverty and 1058 non-poor counties from 2006 to 2019, this study constructs the rural industry revitalization index and investigates the influence and mechanisms of capital flow on the index. The results show that capital inflow can significantly promote rural industry revitalization, and the promotion effect in counties lifted out of poverty is stronger than that in non-poor counties. The mechanism test shows that capital inflow mainly plays a promoting role by driving “material flow”, “technology flow” and “talent flow”, which can help realize the modernization of rural production system, management system and industrial system, and finally promote rural industry revitalization. The development of new rural industries and new business form, the inclusive development of finance and the implementation of targeted poverty alleviation policy can all improve the promotion effect of capital inflow on rural industry revitalization.
keywords:capital flow  rural industry revitalization  counties lifted out of poverty  working mechanism
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